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Средняя скорость 3771 Kb/s
Humans tend to forget. This is especially true for passswords! Forgetting zip passwords renders the zip file unuseable because it is not possible to recover the content of the zip file without the right password. So once in a while i have to crach my own passwords. I use the tool John the Ripper to recover the lost passwords. John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords.
I dont know if there is a package distribution of JTR for Ubuntu / Debian, so i decided to compile it by myself. Be sure that you have installed all needed libraries. In my case libssl-dev was missing and the first compilation attempt failes.
$ sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
$ tar -xvf ./john-1.8.0-jumbo-1.tar.xz
The previously shown installation downlods the libssl-dev package which is needed for the compilation of JTR. Build essentials have also to be installed, but i assume that you have already installed this package. The Next step is to download the sourcecode to the local directory and to unpack it. Finaly you run configure and make to compile it. On my machine the compilation took about 3 minutes. The result of the compilation will appear in the run folder.
If you start JTR without arguments then it prints its help and some configuration information:
John the Ripper password cracker, version 1.8.0-jumbo-1_omp [linux-gnu 64-bit AVX-autoconf]
Copyright (c) 1996-2014 by Solar Designer and others
Usage: john [OPTIONS] [PASSWORD-FILES]
—single[=SECTION] «single crack» mode
—wordlist[=FILE] —stdin wordlist mode, read words from FILE or stdin
—pipe like —stdin, but bulk reads, and allows rules
—loopback[=FILE] like —wordlist, but fetch words from a .pot file
—dupe-suppression suppress all dupes in wordlist (and force preload)
—encoding=NAME input encoding (eg. UTF-8, ISO-8859-1). See also
doc/ENCODING and —list=hidden-options.
—rules[=SECTION] enable word mangling rules for wordlist modes
—incremental[=MODE] «incremental» mode [using section MODE]
—mask=MASK mask mode using MASK
—markov[=OPTIONS] «Markov» mode (see doc/MARKOV)
—external=MODE external mode or word filter
—stdout[=LENGTH] just output candidate passwords [cut at LENGTH]
—restore[=NAME] restore an interrupted session [called NAME]
—session=NAME give a new session the NAME
—status[=NAME] print status of a session [called NAME]
—make-charset=FILE make a charset file. It will be overwritten
—show[=LEFT] show cracked passwords [if =LEFT, then uncracked]
—test[=TIME] run tests and benchmarks for TIME seconds each
—users=[-]LOGIN|UID[. ] [do not] load this (these) user(s) only
—groups=[-]GID[. ] load users [not] of this (these) group(s) only
—shells=[-]SHELL[. ] load users with[out] this (these) shell(s) only
—salts=[-]COUNT[:MAX] load salts with[out] COUNT [to MAX] hashes
—save-memory=LEVEL enable memory saving, at LEVEL 1..3
—node=MIN[-MAX]/TOTAL this node’s number range out of TOTAL count
—fork=N fork N processes
—pot=NAME pot file to use
—list=WHAT list capabilities, see —list=help or doc/OPTIONS
—format=NAME force hash type NAME: 7z AFS agilekeychain aix-smd5
aix-ssha1 aix-ssha256 aix-ssha512 asa-md5 bcrypt
bfegg Bitcoin blackberry-es10 Blockchain bsdicrypt
chap Citrix_NS10 Clipperz cloudkeychain cq CRC32
crypt dahua descrypt Django django-scrypt dmd5 dmg
dominosec dragonfly3-32 dragonfly3-64 dragonfly4-32
dragonfly4-64 Drupal7 dummy dynamic_n eCryptfs EFS
eigrp EncFS EPI EPiServer fde FormSpring Fortigate
gost gpg HAVAL-128-4 HAVAL-256-3 hdaa HMAC-MD5
HMAC-SHA1 HMAC-SHA224 HMAC-SHA256 HMAC-SHA384
HMAC-SHA512 hMailServer hsrp IKE ipb2 KeePass
keychain keyring keystore known_hosts krb4 krb5
krb5-18 krb5pa-md5 krb5pa-sha1 kwallet LastPass LM
lotus5 lotus85 LUKS MD2 md4-gen md5crypt md5ns mdc2
MediaWiki MongoDB Mozilla mscash mscash2 MSCHAPv2
mschapv2-naive mssql mssql05 mssql12 mysql mysql-sha1
mysqlna net-md5 net-sha1 nethalflm netlm netlmv2
netntlm netntlm-naive netntlmv2 nk nsldap NT nt2
o5logon ODF Office oldoffice OpenBSD-SoftRAID
openssl-enc OpenVMS oracle oracle11 osc Panama
PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512 PDF PFX phpass PHPS pix-md5 PKZIP
po postgres PST PuTTY pwsafe RACF RAdmin RAKP rar
RAR5 Raw-Blake2 Raw-Keccak Raw-Keccak-256 Raw-MD4
Raw-MD5 Raw-MD5u Raw-SHA Raw-SHA1 Raw-SHA1-Linkedin
Raw-SHA1-ng Raw-SHA224 Raw-SHA256 Raw-SHA256-ng
Raw-SHA384 Raw-SHA512 Raw-SHA512-ng ripemd-128
ripemd-160 rsvp Salted-SHA1 sapb sapg scrypt sha1-gen
sha1crypt sha256crypt sha512crypt Siemens-S7 SIP
skein-256 skein-512 skey Snefru-128 Snefru-256 SSH
SSH-ng SSHA512 STRIP SunMD5 sxc Sybase-PROP sybasease
tc_aes_xts tc_ripemd160 tc_sha512 tc_whirlpool
tcp-md5 Tiger tripcode VNC vtp wbb3 whirlpool
whirlpool0 whirlpool1 WoWSRP wpapsk xsha xsha512 ZIP
The next step is to crack the zip file (in my case the Bilder.zip).
In the forst line JTR is extracting some data and the last line starts the brute-force attack against the zip file. This consumes a lot of CPU cycles — so it may be neccesary to adjust the niceness of the process. If you start JTR in the background then you can see the current status by adding the —status flag:
top — 21:25:22 up 22:14, 1 user, load average: 0.86, 0.33, 0.17
Tasks: 88 total, 2 running, 86 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
%Cpu(s): 0.5 us, 0.0 sy, 99.5 ni, 0.0 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
KiB Mem: 4049740 total, 3912160 used, 137580 free, 225840 buffers
KiB Swap: 0 total, 0 used, 0 free. 1477764 cached Mem
5160 gue 39 19 223776 31612 2564 R 99.4 0.8 1:45.36 john
5238 gue 20 0 24816 1524 1092 R 0.5 0.0 0:00.03 top
14795 snmp 20 0 114892 5988 2740 S 0.5 0.1 0:21.43 snmpd
0g 0:00:00:58 0g/s 1536p/s 1536c/s 1536C/s
The 0g in the status indicates that JTR has not found any matching password yet.
Brute force attacks are not the cleverest way how to crack passwords but if you have enough time then this attempt will work. JTR is a great tool that is capable of doing a lot of other stuff like dictionary attacks and so on. Have a look in the FAQ .
John the Ripper password cracker
John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. Besides several crypt(3) password hash types most commonly found on various Unix systems, supported out of the box are Windows LM hashes, plus lots of other hashes and ciphers in the community-enhanced version.
John the Ripper is free and Open Source software, distributed primarily in source code form. If you would rather use a commercial product tailored for your specific operating system, please consider John the Ripper Pro, which is distributed primarily in the form of «native» packages for the target operating systems and in general is meant to be easier to install and use while delivering optimal performance.
Download one of the latest official free versions (release notes):
To verify authenticity and integrity of your John the Ripper downloads, please use our PGP public key. Please refer to these pages on how to extract John the Ripper source code from the tar.gz and tar.xz archives and how to build (compile) it. You may also consider the unofficial builds on the contributed resources list further down this page.
These and older versions of John the Ripper, patches, unofficial builds, and many other related files are also available from the Openwall file archive.
There’s a wiki section with John the Ripper user community resources. The more experienced users and software developers may browse the source code for John the Ripper online, along with revision history information for each source file.
There’s a collection of wordlists for use with John the Ripper. It includes lists of common passwords, wordlists for 20+ human languages, and files with the common passwords and unique words for all the languages combined, also with mangling rules applied and any duplicates purged.
Additionally, you may download an ISO image of Openwall GNU/*/Linux, which includes a pre-built copy of John the Ripper 1.8.0 ready for use without requiring another OS and without having to install on a hard disk (although that is supported).
An implementation of one of the modern password hashes found in John is also available separately for use in your software or on your servers.
There’s a proactive password strength checking module for PAM-aware password changing programs, which can be used to prevent your users from choosing passwords that would be easily cracked with programs like John.
We may help you integrate modern password hashing with crypt_blowfish and/or proactive password strength checking with passwdqc into your OS installs, please check out our services.
There’s a mailing list where you can share your experience with John the Ripper and ask questions. Please be sure to specify an informative message subject whenever you post to the list (that is, something better than «question» or «problem»). To subscribe, enter your e-mail address below or send an empty message to . You will be required to confirm your subscription by «replying» to the automated confirmation request that will be sent to you. You will be able to unsubscribe at any time and we will not use your e-mail address for any other purpose or share it with a third party. However, if you post to the list, other subscribers and those viewing the archives may see your address(es) as specified on your message. The list archive is available locally and via MARC. Additionally, there’s a list of selected most useful and currently relevant postings on the community wiki.
A separate mailing list exists for John the Ripper development discussions (that is, if you want to discuss and contribute to the source code). Its archive is available locally. To subscribe, enter your e-mail address below or send an empty message to .
Local copies of these and many other related packages are also available from the Openwall file archive.
John the Ripper is part of Owl, Debian GNU/Linux, Fedora Linux, Gentoo Linux, Mandriva Linux, SUSE Linux, and a number of other Linux distributions. It is in the ports/packages collections of FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.
Consider Mr.x , who wants the password of someone very badly.then like a water found in the desert , he got to know about Password Cracking tools and Still he’s worried why ? because he don’t know how to use them. Knowing about the tools is not enough, he/she also has to know its working too.. This is what our article is about!! It deals with Password Cracking tool John the Ripper and also its working…
John the Ripper
It is a Password Cracking Tool, on an extremely fundamental level to break Unix passwords.
Other than Unix-sort mixed passwords it also supports part Windows LM hashes and distinctive more with open source contributed patches.
It is a free watchword softening mechanical get together made by and large up C.
John the Ripper is unique in association with instruments like Hydra.
Hydra blinds mammoth persuading by trying username/riddle word blends on an association daemon like telnet server.
The more crucial test for a designer is to get the Hash
Specifically a days hashes are all the more effortlessly crackable utilizing free rainbow tables accessible on the web.
Fundamentally visit one of the locale, show the hash and if it is of a typical word, by then the it would demonstrate the word in a burst.
Rainbow tables on an exceptionally essential level store central words and hashes in a database.
More prominent the database, powerfully the words secured.
John the Ripper can use is the word reference snare.
It takes content string tests , scrambling it in an indistinct arrangement from the secret key being analyzed, and emerging the yield from the encoded string.
It can in like way play out a gathering of changes in accordance with the lexicon words and attempt these.
A noteworthy package of these progressions are moreover utilized as a bit of John’s single trap mode, which changes a related plaintext, and checks the combinations.
In this sort of trap, the program experiences all the conceivable plaintexts, hashing every one and a while later emerging it from the data hash.
John utilizes character rehash tables to attempt plaintexts containing all the more some of the time utilized characters first.
This framework is helpful for part passwords which don’t show up in lexicon wordlists, yet it sets aside a long opportunity.
It utilizes a 2 sort out procedure to section a riddle word.
At first it will utilize the password and shadow record to make a yield report.
Next, you by then genuinely utilize word reference strike against that record to break it.
Basically, John the Ripper will utilize the running with two records:
Installing John the Ripper
As an issue of first significance, most likely you don’t need to present John the Ripper system wide.
Or maybe, after you isolate the movement annal and possibly fuse the source code , you may fundamentally enter the “run” record and summon John starting there.
System wide foundation is in like manner reinforced, be that as it may it is normal for use by packagers of John for *BSD “ports”, Linux assignments, et cetera., rather than by end-customers.
You may have obtained the source code or a “twofold” scattering of John the Ripper.
On Unix-like structures, it is normal to get the source code and organize it into “twofold” executables perfect on the system you hope to run John on.
On DOS and Windows, regardless, it is ordinary to get a combined allotment which is set up for use.
The going with rules apply to the source code transport of John in a manner of speaking.
In case you have a twofold apportionment, by then there’s nothing for you to organize and you can start using John instantly.
Cracking password using John the Ripper
In Linux, mystery word hash is secured in/et cetera/shadow record.
For this action, I will make another customer names john and dole out a clear watchword “mystery word” to him.
I will in like manner add it to sudo gathering, assign/bin/bash.
There’s a wonderful article I posted a year prior which clears up customer making in Linux in staggering purposes of intrigue.
It’s a respectable examined if you are captivated to know and appreciate the standards and this used to any Linux/Unix/Solaris working system.
Furthermore, when you make a customer, you require their home files made, so yes, encounter making customer in Linux post in case you have any inquiries.
Directly, stop mambo kind estimated, we should get to business.
To begin with we should make a customer named john and distribute mystery word as his watchword.
Since we have made our casualty, we should begin with unshadow charges.
The unshadow order will consolidate the extries of/and so forth/passwd and/and so on/shadow to make 1 document with username and secret key points of interest. When you simply sort in unshadow, it demonstrates to you the utilization in any case.
Cracking process with John the Ripper
Now we simply require a word reference record and get on with breaking.
John accompanies it’s own particular little secret key record and it can be situated in
I’ve demonstrated the extent of that document utilizing the accompanying order.
You can use your own particular mystery key records too or download a broad one from Internet
Doubtlessly it worked.
So we would now have the capacity to use john demonstrate decision to list part passwords.
Note that it’s a clear mystery enter that existed in the word reference so it worked.
In case it wasn’t a clear mystery word, by then you would require a considerably more prominent vocabulary and package longer to part it.
I hope this article about John the Ripper helps you…
Thank you for reading this article.
Check out the article on THC Hydra another password cracking tool here